Deep learning implementation of super-resolution ultrasound imaging for tissue decluttering and contrast agent localization

Katherine Brown, Scott Chase Waggener, Arthur David Redfern, Kenneth Hoyt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Super-resolution ultrasound (SR-US) imaging improves ultrasound (US) resolution by up to ten-fold. However, translation to the clinical setting has been hindered by long computation times. Conventional algorithms used to detect and localize a microbubble (MB) contrast agent during SR-US image construction suffer from high complexity and computational intensity. Deep learning methods have been used to help implement solutions to these two key SR-US image processing steps. Such developments allow frame processing on the time scale of milliseconds. The goal of this study was to combine a single deep network to both detect and localize MBs for use during SR-US imaging. We propose SRUSnet, which is a fully convolutional network architecture based on MobileNetV3 with enhancements for 2 + 1D input data, fast convergence time, and support for high-resolution data output. The architecture features both a classification and a regression head to provide a flexible level of increased resolution for the output SR-US image. Training was performed with synthetic in silico data computed as a sequence of images with MBs flowing at different rates against a background of tissue. In vitro imaging of a flow phantom perfused with MBs was performed using a programmable US scanner (Vantage 256, Verasonics Inc.) equipped with an L11-4v linear array transducer. The network operating on in silico data exceeded 99% detection accuracy and averaged less than the resolution of a pixel in localization accuracy (i.e. ?/8). The processing time for a 128 × 128-pixel image averaged 25.9 ms on a Nvidia GeForce 2080Ti GPU. Overall, these preliminary results are a promising advance in moving towards a real-time implementation of SR-US imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIUS 2020 - International Ultrasonics Symposium, Proceedings
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781728154480
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2020
Event2020 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2020 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: Sep 7 2020Sep 11 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
Volume2020-September
ISSN (Print)1948-5719
ISSN (Electronic)1948-5727

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period9/7/209/11/20

Keywords

  • Contrast-enhanced ultrasound
  • Deep learning
  • Microbubbles
  • Plane waves
  • Super-resolution ultrasound
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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