Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency has been demonstrated in a fourth patient with 4-hydroxybutyric aciduria. Lysates of freshly isolated lymphocytes and cultured lymphoblasts of the patient had much lower than control activity in the conversion of U-14C-4-aminobutyric acid to 14C-succinic acid in an assay designed to estimate succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase utilizing endogenous 4-aminobutyrate transaminase. Lymphocyte and lymphoblast lysates of the patient accumulated U-14C-succinic semialdehyde when incubated with U-14C-4-aminobutyric acid and NAD+ whereas none could be detected in controls. Assays using U-14C-succinic semialdehyde as substrate for succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase in lysates of cultured lymphoblasts characterized the patient as having a severe deficiency of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase. The data indicate that defective activity of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase is responsible for 4-hydroxybutyric aciduria.
- 4-aminobutyric acid
- 4-hydroxybutyric aciduria
- Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health