Definition of the Human Androgen Receptor Gene Structure Permits the Identification of Mutations that Cause Androgen Resistance: Premature Termination of the Receptor Protein at Amino Acid Residue 588 Causes Complete Androgen Resistance

Marco Marcelli, Wayne D. Tilley, Carol M. Wilson, Jim Griffin III, Jean D. Wilson, Michael J. McPhaul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have isolated and characterized the gene encoding the human androgen receptor. The coding sequence is divided into eight coding exons and spans a minimum of 54 kilobases. The positions of the exon boundaries are highly conserved when compared to the location of the exon boundaries of the chicken progesterone and human estrogen receptor genes. Definition of the intron/exon boundaries has permitted the synthesis of specific oligonucleotides for use in the amplification of segments of the androgen receptor gene from samples of total genomic DNA. This technique allows the analysis of all segments of the androgen receptor gene except a small region of exon 1 that encodes the glycine homopolymeric segment. Using these methods we have analyzed samples of DNA prepared from a patient with complete androgen resistance and have detected a single nucleotide substitution at nucleotide 1924 in exon 3 of the androgen receptor gene that results in the conversion of a lysine codon into a premature termination codon at amino acid position 588. The introduction of a termination codon into the sequence of the normal androgen receptor cDNA at this position leads to a decrease in the amount of mRNA encoding the human androgen receptor and the synthesis of a truncated receptor protein that is unable to bind ligand and is unable to activate the long terminal repeat of the mouse mammary tumor virus in cotransfection assays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1105-1116
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

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