Delayed Diagnoses in Children with Constipation: Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study

Stephen B. Freedman, Jonathan Rodean, Matthew Hall, Elizabeth R. Alpern, Paul L. Aronson, Harold K. Simon, Samir S. Shah, Jennifer R. Marin, Eyal Cohen, Rustin B. Morse, Yiannis Katsogridakis, Jay G. Berry, Mark I. Neuman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The use of abdominal radiographs contributes to increased healthcare costs, radiation exposure, and potentially to misdiagnoses. We evaluated the association between abdominal radiograph performance and emergency department (ED) revisits with important alternate diagnosis among children with constipation. Study design Retrospective cohort study of children aged <18 years diagnosed with constipation at one of 23 EDs from 2004 to 2015. The primary exposure was abdominal radiograph performance. The primary outcome was a 3-day ED revisit with a clinically important alternate diagnosis. RAND/University of California, Los Angeles methodology was used to define whether the revisit was related to the index visit and due to a clinically important condition other than constipation. Regression analysis was performed to identify exposures independently related to the primary outcome. Results A total of 65.7% (185 439/282 225) of children with constipation had an index ED visit abdominal radiograph performed. Three-day revisits occurred in 3.7% (10 566/282 225) of children, and 0.28% (784/282 225) returned with a clinically important alternate related diagnosis. Appendicitis was the most common such revisit, accounting for 34.1% of all 3-day clinically important related revisits. Children who had an abdominal radiograph performed were more likely to have a 3-day revisit with a clinically important alternate related diagnosis (0.33% vs 0.17%; difference 0.17%; 95% CI 0.13-0.20). Following adjustment for covariates, abdominal radiograph performance was associated with a 3-day revisit with a clinically important alternate diagnosis (aOR: 1.39; 95% CI 1.15-1.67). Additional characteristics associated with the primary outcome included narcotic (aOR: 2.63) and antiemetic (aOR: 2.35) administration and underlying comorbidities (aOR: 2.52). Conclusions Among children diagnosed with constipation, abdominal radiograph performance is associated with an increased risk of a revisit with a clinically important alternate related diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-94.e16
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

Keywords

  • abdominal
  • child
  • constipation
  • diagnostic errors
  • diagnostic imaging
  • emergency service
  • hematologic tests
  • hospital
  • radiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Freedman, S. B., Rodean, J., Hall, M., Alpern, E. R., Aronson, P. L., Simon, H. K., Shah, S. S., Marin, J. R., Cohen, E., Morse, R. B., Katsogridakis, Y., Berry, J. G., & Neuman, M. I. (2017). Delayed Diagnoses in Children with Constipation: Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of Pediatrics, 186, 87-94.e16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.03.061