Dendritic Cells but Not Macrophages Sense Tumor Mitochondrial DNA for Cross-priming through Signal Regulatory Protein α Signaling

Meng Michelle Xu, Yang Pu, Dali Han, Yaoyao Shi, Xuezhi Cao, Hua Liang, Xiang Chen, Xiao Dong Li, Liufu Deng, Zhijian J. Chen, Ralph R. Weichselbaum, Yang Xin Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inhibition of cytosolic DNA sensing represents a strategy that tumor cells use for immune evasion, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here we have shown that CD47-signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) axis dictates the fate of ingested DNA in DCs for immune evasion. Although macrophages were more potent in uptaking tumor DNA, increase of DNA sensing by blocking the interaction of SIRPα with CD47 preferentially occurred in dendritic cells (DCs) but not in macrophages. Mechanistically, CD47 blockade enabled the activation of NADPH oxidase NOX2 in DCs, which in turn inhibited phagosomal acidification and reduced the degradation of tumor mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in DCs. mtDNA was recognized by cyclic-GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) in the DC cytosol, contributing to type I interferon (IFN) production and antitumor adaptive immunity. Thus, our findings have demonstrated how tumor cells inhibit innate sensing in DCs and suggested that the CD47-SIRPα axis is critical for DC-driven antitumor immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-373.e5
JournalImmunity
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Xu, M. M., Pu, Y., Han, D., Shi, Y., Cao, X., Liang, H., Chen, X., Li, X. D., Deng, L., Chen, Z. J., Weichselbaum, R. R., & Fu, Y. X. (2017). Dendritic Cells but Not Macrophages Sense Tumor Mitochondrial DNA for Cross-priming through Signal Regulatory Protein α Signaling. Immunity, 47(2), 363-373.e5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2017.07.016