Depressive Symptoms by Self-Report in Adolescence: Phase I of the Development of a Questionnaire for Depression by Self-Report

G. J. Emslie, W. A. Weinberg, A. J. Rush, R. M J W Adams Rintelmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

As the first step in validating a criteria-based, self-report depression questionnaire specifically for children and adolescents and to determine the prevalence of self-reported depressive symptoms, we studied 3,294 high school students of mixed ethnic background in a large urban school district. They completed the Weinberg Screening Affective Scale. The 21-item Beck Depression Inventory was also completed to allow comparison with a previous study. The prevalence of clinically significant depressive symptoms suggesting depression by self-report ranged from 18% on the Beck Depression Inventory to 13% on the Weinberg Screening Affective Scale. Hispanic females had the highest scores, while white males had the lowest. Being behind in school, female, and nonwhite predicted more self-reported depressive symptoms. (J Child Neurol 1989;3:114-121).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-121
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of child neurology
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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