Derivation of the equations that describe the effects of unstirred water layers on the kinetic parameters of active transport processes in the intestine

Alan B R Thomson, John M. Dietschy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Unidirectional flux of solutes into the intestinal mucosal cells is determined by the rate of movement of these molecules across both an unstirred water layer and the microvillus membrane of the epithelial cell. Therefore, an equation is derived in this paper that describes the velocity of active transport as a function of the characteristics of both the transport carrier in the membrane and the resistance of the overlying unstirred water layer. Using this equation a series of curves are presented that depict the effect on the kinetics of active transport of varying the thickness (d) or surface area (Sw) of the unstirred water layer, the free diffusion coefficient (D) of the solute, the distribution of active transport sites along the villus (f{hook}n), the maximal transport velocity (Jmd) and the true Michaelis constant (Km). These theoretical curves illustrate the serious limitations inherent in interpretation of previously published data dealing with active transport processes in the intestine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-294
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Theoretical Biology
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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