Deriving ventilation imaging from 4DCT by deep convolutional neural network

Yuncheng Zhong, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy, Liyuan Chen, Nick Myziuk, Richard Castillo, Edward Castillo, Thomas Guerrero, Steve Jiang, Jing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Functional imaging is emerging as an important tool for lung cancer treatment planning and evaluation. Compared with traditional methods such as nuclear medicine ventilation-perfusion (VQ), positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which use contrast agents to form 2D or 3D functional images, ventilation imaging obtained from 4DCT lung images is convenient and cost-effective because of its availability during radiation treatment planning. Current methods of obtaining ventilation images from 4DCT lung images involve deformable image registration (DIR) and a density (HU) change-based algorithm (DIR/HU); therefore the resulting ventilation images are sensitive to the selection of DIR algorithms. Methods: We propose a deep convolutional neural network (CNN)-based method to derive the ventilation images from 4DCT directly without explicit DIR, thereby improving consistency and accuracy of ventilation images. A total of 82 sets of 4DCT and ventilation images from patients with lung cancer were studied using this method. Results: The predicted images were comparable to the label images of the test data. The similarity index and correlation coefficient averaged over the ten-fold cross validation were 0.883±0.034 and 0.878±0.028, respectively. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that deep CNN can generate ventilation imaging from 4DCT without explicit deformable image registration, reducing the associated uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Aug 21 2018


  • 4D-CT lung ventilation imaging
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Lung functional imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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