Dermatoglyphic variations in five ethno-georgraphical cohorts of Indian populations: A pilot study

Prithvi R. Sharma, Ajay K. Gautam, Pramod K. Tiwari

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was carried out to understand the genetic relationship if any, among different Indian populations using classical dermatoglyphic markers in 250 post-graduate students. Finger print patterns were collected on a white paper using a non-spreading blue ink-pad. The other traits were recorded by direct observation. The ridges were counted and patterns were identified using glass hand-lens. Statistical analysis was done using student t-test, two-way anova (multivariate) and chi-square test of significance using ANALYSE-IT software. Phylogenetic analysis was carried out using PopGen 32 and MEGA 4 software. Significant variations were found for total ridge count between North vs. East cohort (p<0.001) and East vs. West cohort (p<.001). Interestingly, 55% of the participants from Northern cohort had dominant allele for hand clasping and thumb extension traits, while 55% participants of South cohort have recessive allele for the same. Interestingly, blood group "O" and "AB" were found significantly ((p= 0.07) associated with "whorl" and "loop" fingerprint pattern types in each cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternet Journal of Biological Anthropology
Volume2
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Dermatoglyphia
  • Fingerprint
  • Indian population
  • Loops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)

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