Dermatoglyphic variations in five ethno-georgraphical cohorts of Indian populations

A pilot study

Prithvi R. Sharma, Ajay K. Gautam, Pramod K. Tiwari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was carried out to understand the genetic relationship if any, among different Indian populations using classical dermatoglyphic markers in 250 post-graduate students. Finger print patterns were collected on a white paper using a non-spreading blue ink-pad. The other traits were recorded by direct observation. The ridges were counted and patterns were identified using glass hand-lens. Statistical analysis was done using student t-test, two-way anova (multivariate) and chi-square test of significance using ANALYSE-IT software. Phylogenetic analysis was carried out using PopGen 32 and MEGA 4 software. Significant variations were found for total ridge count between North vs. East cohort (p<0.001) and East vs. West cohort (p<.001). Interestingly, 55% of the participants from Northern cohort had dominant allele for hand clasping and thumb extension traits, while 55% participants of South cohort have recessive allele for the same. Interestingly, blood group "O" and "AB" were found significantly ((p= 0.07) associated with "whorl" and "loop" fingerprint pattern types in each cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternet Journal of Biological Anthropology
Volume2
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Fingerprint

Dermatoglyphics
Software
Hand
Alleles
Students
Ink
Thumb
Chi-Square Distribution
Blood Group Antigens
Population
Lenses
statistical analysis
Fingers
Glass
Statistical methods
student
graduate
Observation
software

Keywords

  • Dermatoglyphia
  • Fingerprint
  • Indian population
  • Loops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Dermatoglyphic variations in five ethno-georgraphical cohorts of Indian populations : A pilot study. / Sharma, Prithvi R.; Gautam, Ajay K.; Tiwari, Pramod K.

In: Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology, Vol. 2, No. 1, 01.12.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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