Dermolipectomy of the lateral thoracic fat compartment in secondary breast reconstruction revision: Anatomical and clinical results

Georgette Oni, Michel Saint-Cyr, Munique Maia, Corrine Wong, Shannon Colohan, Joel Pessa, Rod Rohich, Ali Mojallal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fullness in the lateral thoracic area following breast reconstruction can be a source of concern for patients. This redundant tissue creates disharmony between the newly reconstructed breast, the lateral mammary fold, and the lateral thoracic compartment. In this article we present the results of our anatomical/histological study, discuss the operative technique and present a clinical series of patients who underwent this procedure. Methods: Cadaveric Anatomical study: Dye injection studies on 4 hemi-chests to determine if the lateral thoracic fold is a separate anatomic fat compartment. Tissue from the boundaries between identified compartments was also submitted for routine H&E histological analysis. Clinical study: Retrospective case note analysis of all patients undergoing dermolipectomy performed by the senior author. Results: In the analyzed cadavers, a clear line of delineation was found separating the lateral thoracic fold from the breast and adjacent structures, this was confirmed histologically. Forty patients underwent 64 dermolipectomy procedures. The average dimension of the resected specimen was 13.37 cm (range 3.0-25.0 cm) × 5.44 cm (range 1.0-12.0 cm). The mean time of dermolipectomy following initial reconstruction was 15.4 months. As the BMI increased the average resection size increased both in length (p = 0.002) and width (p = 0.006). There were no postoperative complications. Conclusion: The lateral thoracic fold is a distinct fat compartment. Dermolipectomy following breast reconstruction is a useful adjunct and should be considered in any patient with excess skin/subcutaneous tissue in the lateral thoracic region. The procedure has a low complication rate and can be performed in conjunction with other post reconstruction refinement procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Fingerprint

Mammaplasty
Thorax
Fats
Breast
Subcutaneous Tissue
Cadaver
Coloring Agents
Skin
Injections

Keywords

  • Breast reconstruction
  • Dermolipectomy
  • Fat compartment
  • Lateral axillary fold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Dermolipectomy of the lateral thoracic fat compartment in secondary breast reconstruction revision : Anatomical and clinical results. / Oni, Georgette; Saint-Cyr, Michel; Maia, Munique; Wong, Corrine; Colohan, Shannon; Pessa, Joel; Rohich, Rod; Mojallal, Ali.

In: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Vol. 65, No. 2, 02.2012, p. 201-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oni, Georgette ; Saint-Cyr, Michel ; Maia, Munique ; Wong, Corrine ; Colohan, Shannon ; Pessa, Joel ; Rohich, Rod ; Mojallal, Ali. / Dermolipectomy of the lateral thoracic fat compartment in secondary breast reconstruction revision : Anatomical and clinical results. In: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery. 2012 ; Vol. 65, No. 2. pp. 201-206.
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