Descriptive characteristics and cluster analysis of male veteran hazardous drinkers in an alcohol moderation intervention

Robrina Walker, Yvonne M. Hunt, Jake Olivier, Karen B. Grothe, Patricia M. Dubbert, Randy S. Burke, William C. Cushman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Current efforts underway to develop the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) have reignited discussions for classifying the substance use disorders. This study's aim was to contribute to the understanding of abusive alcohol use and its validity as a diagnosis. Cluster analysis was used to identify relatively homogeneous groups of hazardous, nondependent drinkers by using data collected from the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension Study (PATHS), a multisite trial that examined the ability of a cognitive-behavioral-based alcohol reduction intervention, compared to a control condition, to reduce alcohol use. Participants for this study (N = 511) were male military veterans. Variables theoretically associated with alcohol use (eg, demographic, tobacco use, and mental health) were used to create the clusters and a priori, empirically based external criteria were used to assess discriminant validity. Bivariate correlations among cluster variables were generally consistent with previous findings in the literature. Analyses of internal and discriminant validity of the identified clusters were largely nonsignificant, suggesting meaningful differences between clusters could not be identified. Although the typology literature has contributed supportive validity for the alcohol dependence diagnosis, this study's results do not lend supportive validity for the construct of alcohol abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-342
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal on Addictions
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Veterans
Cluster Analysis
Alcohols
Alcoholism
Aptitude
Tobacco Use
Discriminant Analysis
Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Health
Demography
Hypertension
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Descriptive characteristics and cluster analysis of male veteran hazardous drinkers in an alcohol moderation intervention. / Walker, Robrina; Hunt, Yvonne M.; Olivier, Jake; Grothe, Karen B.; Dubbert, Patricia M.; Burke, Randy S.; Cushman, William C.

In: American Journal on Addictions, Vol. 21, No. 4, 07.2012, p. 335-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walker, Robrina ; Hunt, Yvonne M. ; Olivier, Jake ; Grothe, Karen B. ; Dubbert, Patricia M. ; Burke, Randy S. ; Cushman, William C. / Descriptive characteristics and cluster analysis of male veteran hazardous drinkers in an alcohol moderation intervention. In: American Journal on Addictions. 2012 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 335-342.
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