Detection of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Autoantibodies in Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome Using Standard Methodology

Juliette Hall, Kate M. Bourne, Steven Vernino, Viktor Hamrefors, Isabella Kharraziha, Jan Nilsson, Robert S. Sheldon, Artur Fedorowski, Satish R. Raj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a disorder of orthostatic intolerance that primarily affects women of childbearing age. The underlying pathophysiology of POTS is not fully understood, but it has been suggested that autoimmunity may play a role. The aim of this study was to compare concentrations of autoantibodies to cardiovascular G protein-coupled receptors between patients with POTS and healthy controls. Methods: Sera were collected from 116 patients with POTS (91% female; medium age, 29 years) and 81 healthy controls (84% female; medium age, 27 years) from Calgary, Canada, and Malmö, Sweden. Samples were evaluated for autoantibodies to 11 receptors (adrenergic, muscarinic, angiotensin II, and endothelin) using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Autoantibody concentrations against all of the receptors tested were not significantly different between controls and patients with POTS. The majority of patients with POTS (98.3%) and all controls (100%) had α1 adrenergic receptor autoantibody concentrations above the seropositive threshold provided by the manufacturer (7 units/mL). The proportion of patients with POTS versus healthy controls who fell above the diagnostic thresholds was not different for any tested autoantibodies. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed a poor ability to discriminate between patients with POTS and controls. Conclusions: Patients with POTS and healthy controls do not differ in their enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-derived autoantibody concentrations to cardiovascular G protein-coupled receptors. These findings suggest that these tests are not useful for establishing the role of autoimmunity in POTS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-622
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume146
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2022

Keywords

  • autoimmunity
  • enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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