Detection of increased pyruvate dehydrogenase flux in the human heart during adenosine stress test using hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging

Steen Hylgaard Joergensen, Esben Soevsoe S. Hansen, Nikolaj Bøgh, Lotte Bonde Bertelsen, Peter Bisgaard Staehr, Rolf F. Schulte, Craig Malloy, Henrik Wiggers, Christoffer Laustsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hyperpolarized (HP) [1-13C]pyruvate cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging can visualize the uptake and intracellular conversion of [1-13C]pyruvate to either [1-13C]lactate or 13C-bicarbonate depending on the prevailing metabolic state. The aim of the present study was to combine an adenosine stress test with HP [1-13C]pyruvate CMR to detect cardiac metabolism in the healthy human heart at rest and during moderate stress. Methods: A prospective descriptive study was performed between October 2019 and August 2020. Healthy human subjects underwent cine CMR and HP [1-13C]pyruvate CMR at rest and during adenosine stress. HP [1-13C]pyruvate CMR images were acquired at the mid-left-ventricle (LV) level. Semi-quantitative assessment of first-pass myocardial [1-13C]pyruvate perfusion and metabolism were assessed. Paired t-tests were used to compare mean values at rest and during stress. Results: Six healthy subjects (two female), age 29 ± 7 years were studied and no adverse reactions occurred. Myocardial [1-13C]pyruvate perfusion was significantly increased during stress with a reduction in time-to-peak from 6.2 ± 2.8 to 2.7 ± 1.3 s, p = 0.02. This higher perfusion was accompanied by an overall increased myocardial uptake and metabolism. The conversion rate constant (kPL) for lactate increased from 11 ± 9 *10–3 to 20 ± 10 * 10–3 s−1, p = 0.04. The pyruvate oxidation rate (kPB) increased from 4 ± 4 *10–3 to 12 ± 7 *10–3 s−1, p = 0.008. This increase in carbohydrate metabolism was positively correlated with heart rate (R2 = 0.44, p = 0.02). Conclusions: Adenosine stress testing combined with HP [1-13C]pyruvate CMR is feasible and well-tolerated in healthy subjects. We observed an increased pyruvate oxidation during cardiac stress. The present study is an important step in the translation of HP [1-13C]pyruvate CMR into clinical cardiac imaging. Trial registration EUDRACT, 2018-003533-15. Registered 4th of December 2018, https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/search?query=2018-003533-15.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number34
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiac metabolism
  • Metabolic imaging
  • Perfusion
  • Stress test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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