Detection of the LINE-1 retrotransposon RNA-binding protein ORF1p in different anatomical regions of the human brain

Debpali Sur, Raj Kishor Kustwar, Savita Budania, Anita Mahadevan, Dustin C. Hancks, Vijay Yadav, S. K. Shankar, Prabhat K. Mandal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Recent reports indicate that retrotransposons - a type of mobile DNA - can contribute to neuronal genetic diversity in mammals. Retrotransposons are genetic elements that mobilize via an RNA intermediate by a "copy-and-paste" mechanism termed retrotransposition. Long Interspersed Element-1 (LINE-1 or L1) is the only active autonomous retrotransposon in humans and its activity is responsible for ~ 30% of genomic mass. Historically, L1 retrotransposition was thought to be restricted to the germline; however, new data indicate L1 s are active in somatic tissue with certain regions of the brain being highly permissive. The functional implications of L1 insertional activity in the brain and how host cells regulate it are incomplete. While deep sequencing and qPCR analysis have shown that L1 copy number is much higher in certain parts of the human brain, direct in vivo studies regarding detection of L1-encoded proteins is lacking due to ineffective reagents. Results: Using a polyclonal antibody we generated against the RNA-binding (RRM) domain of L1 ORF1p, we observe widespread ORF1p expression in post-mortem human brain samples including the hippocampus which has known elevated rates of retrotransposition. In addition, we find that two brains from different individuals of different ages display very different expression of ORF1p, especially in the frontal cortex. Conclusions: We hypothesize that discordance of ORF1p expression in parts of the brain reported to display elevated levels of retrotransposition may suggest the existence of factors mediating post-translational regulation of L1 activity in the human brain. Furthermore, this antibody reagent will be useful as a complementary means to confirm findings related to retrotransposon biology and activity in the brain and other tissues in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17
JournalMobile DNA
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2017

Keywords

  • Active retrotransposition in human brain
  • LINE-1
  • ORF1p antibody
  • Retrotransposon
  • Somatic mosaicism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Detection of the LINE-1 retrotransposon RNA-binding protein ORF1p in different anatomical regions of the human brain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this