Detector optimization for hand-held CsI(Tl)/HgI2 gamma-ray scintillation spectrometer applications

Y. J. Wang, B. E. Patt, J. S. Iwanczyk, S. R. Cherry, Y. Shao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gamma-ray spectrometers using mercuric iodide (HgI2) photodetectors (PDs) coupled with CsI(Tl) scintillators have shown excellent energy resolutions and high detection efficiency at room temperature [1-5]. Additionally HgI2 semiconductor PDs allow for extreme miniaturization of the detector packaging compared with photomultiplier tube (PMT) based detectors. These advantages make possible the construction of a new generation of hand-held gamma-ray spectrometers. Studies of detector optimization for this application have been undertaken. Several contact materials including hydrogel and semi-transparent metal films have been evaluated and compared for their performances and long term stability. In order to provide higher gamma-ray detection efficiency (i.e., larger scintillator volume), but without causing significant degradation of the excellent response achieved with the matched scintillator/PD interface, the scintillator/PD configuration has been studied. A Monte Carlo simulation model has been developed so that the spectral shape can be predicted for various scintillator shapes and surface treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1277-1281
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Volume43
Issue number3 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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