Developing Therapy for Transthyretin Amyloidosis

Courtney M. Campbell, Kathleen Zhang, Daniel J. Lenihan, Ronald Witteles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) is an under-recognized cause of cardiomyopathy and neuropathy. Until recently, there were limited therapeutic options for ATTR. However, new therapeutics, including tafamidis, patisiran, and inotersen, increase both quality and length of life in patients with ATTR. This review details the chronological development of ATTR therapies through landmark clinical trials. In addition, we discuss emerging ATTR therapies including improvements in drug delivery methods, antibodies to break down deposited amyloid fibrils, and gene editing. ATTR is a prime example of how an understanding of the pathophysiological basis of disease can lead to effective therapies. The future of ATTR therapy is bright, with every reason to believe outcomes will continue to improve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S44-S48
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume135
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ATTR
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Inotersen
  • Neuropathy
  • Patisiran
  • Tafamidis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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