Development and Validation of a Nomogram Prognostic Model for Small-Cell Lung Cancer Patients

Shidan Wang, Lin Yang, Matthew Maclean, David E. Gerber, Guanghua Xiao, Yang Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for almost 15% of lung cancer cases in the United States. Nomogram prognostic models could greatly facilitate risk stratification and treatment planning, as well as more refined enrollment criteria for clinical trials. We developed and validated a new nomogram prognostic model for SCLC patients using a large SCLC patient cohort from the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Methods Clinical data of 24,680 SCLC patients diagnosed from 2004 to 2011 were used to develop the nomogram prognostic model. The model was then validated using an independent cohort of 9,700 SCLC patients diagnosed from 2012 to 2013. The prognostic performance was evaluated using p value, concordance index and integrated Area Under the (time dependent Receiver Operating Characteristic) Curve. Results The following variables were contained in the final prognostic model: age, gender, race, ethnicity, Charlson/Deyo Score, TNM Stage (assigned according to the AJCC 8th edition), treatment type (combination of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy), and laterality. The model was validated in an independent testing group with a concordance index of 0.722 ± 0.004 and an integrated AUC of 0.79. The nomogram model has a significantly higher prognostic accuracy than previously developed models, including the AJCC 8th edition TNM-staging system. We implemented the proposed nomogram and two previously published nomograms in an online webserver. Conclusions We developed a nomogram prognostic model for SCLC patients, and validated the model using an independent patient cohort. The nomogram performs better than earlier models, including AJCC staging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2018

Keywords

  • nomogram
  • prognostic model
  • small-cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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