Development and Validation of a Prediction Model for the Treatment Time of Deformational Head Shapes Using a Cranial Remolding Orthosis

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Abstract

The cranial remolding orthosis (CRO) has been shown in previous studies to be an effective method of treatment for deformational head shapes. Many studies have shown younger infants achieve greater correction than older infants and generally have a shorter treatment duration. The goal of this study is to develop and validate a prediction equation for the maximum treatment time for deformational head shapes when utilizing a CRO. This retrospective study included subjects with deformational plagiocephaly (DP), deformational brachycephaly (DB), or deformational asymmetrical brachycephaly (DAB) who began CRO treatment between 3 and 18 months of gestational age. Prediction models were derived from 1250 subjects with DP, DB, and DAB and the validation used data from 210 different subjects. Actual treatment time was less than or equal to predicted treatment time in 85.19% (DP), 56.67% (DB), and 75.40% (DAB) of the cases when rounding the prediction up to the nearest month. The prediction equation has moderate accuracy for predicting the likely maximum amount of CRO treatment time for patients with DP, DB, and DAB and may be used clinically to give caregivers an estimated treatment duration for a patient who is indicated for a CRO, if treatment was initiated immediately.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number354
JournalChildren
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Asymmetrical brachycephaly
  • Brachycephaly
  • Cranial remolding orthosis
  • Helmet
  • Plagiocephaly
  • Treatment time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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