Development of a clinical registry-based 30-day readmission measure for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

David M. Shahian, Xia He, Sean M. O'Brien, Frederick L. Grover, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Fred H. Edwards, Karl F. Welke, Lisa G. Suter, Elizabeth Drye, Cynthia M. Shewan, Lein Han, Eric Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background - Reducing readmissions is a major healthcare reform goal, and reimbursement penalties are imposed for higherthan-expected readmission rates. Most readmission risk models and performance measures are based on administrative rather than clinical data. Methods and Results - We examined rates and predictors of 30-day all-cause readmission following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery by using nationally representative clinical data (2008-2010) from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database linked to Medicare claims records. Among 265 434 eligible Medicare records, 226 960 (86%) were successfully linked to Society of Thoracic Surgeons records; 162 572 (61%) isolated coronary artery bypass grafting admissions constituted the study cohort. Logistic regression was used to identify readmission risk factors; hierarchical regression models were then estimated. Risk-standardized readmission rates ranged from 12.6% to 23.6% (median, 16.8%) among 846 US hospitals with ≥30 eligible cases and ≥90% of eligible Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services records linked to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. Readmission predictors (odds ratios [95% confidence interval]) included dialysis (2.02 [1.87-2.19]), severe chronic lung disease (1.58 [1.49-1.68]), creatinine (2.5 versus 1.0 or lower:1.49 [1.41-1.57]; 2.0 versus 1.0 or lower: 1.37 [1.32-1.43]), insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (1.45 [1.39-1.51]), obesity in women (body surface area 2.2 versus 1.8: 1.44 [1.35-1.53]), female sex (1.38 [1.33-1.43]), immunosuppression (1.38 [1.28-1.49]), preoperative atrial fibrillation (1.36 [1.30-1.42]), age per 10-year increase (1.36 [1.33-1.39]), recent myocardial infarction (1.24 [1.08-1.42]), and low body surface area in men (1.22 [1.14-1.30]). C-statistic was 0.648. Fifty-two hospitals (6.1%) had readmission rates statistically better or worse than expected. Conclusions - A coronary artery bypass grafting surgery readmission measure suitable for public reporting was developed by using the national Society of Thoracic Surgeons clinical data linked to Medicare readmission claims.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-409
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation
Volume130
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 29 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary artery bypass
  • Patient readmission
  • Registries
  • Risk adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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