Gene therapy of large genes (e.g. plectin and collagen genes) is hampered by size limitations for insertions of the currently used viral vectors. To reduce the size of these insertions spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing (SMaRT™), which provides intron-specific gene-correction at the pre-RNA level, can be an alternative approach. To test its applicability in skin gene therapy, SMaRT™ was used in the context of the 4003delTC mutation in the collagen XVII gene (COL17A1) causing generalized atrophic benign junctional epidermolysis bullosa. A β-galactosidase (β-gal) trans-splicing, assay system was established using intron 51 of COL17A1 as the target for trans-splicing. In this system, intron 51 is flanked by the 5′exon and the 3′exon of the β-gal gene, the latter containing two in-frame stop codons. Cotransfection of a pre-trans-splicing molecule consisting of the binding domain of intron 51 and the 3′exon of β-gal without the stop codons resulted in a 300-fold increase of β-gal activity compared to controls. A 2-3-fold increase in efficiency was obtained through an elongation of the binding domains. Replacement of the complete 3′end of the COL17A1 gene was shown using a collagen XVII mini-gene construct. The β-gal assay was used in human keratinocytes to evaluate the influence of a keratinocyte-specific spliceosome background. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and β-gal activity assay showed functional correction of the stop-codons in cultured human keratinocytes and in an immortalized GABEB cell line harbouring the 4003delTC mutation. These results demonstrate that SMaRT™ is feasible in a keratinocyte-specific context and therefore may be applied in skin gene therapy.
- Gene therapy
- Junctional epidermolysis bullosa
- RNA repair
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology