Developmental changes in rabbit proximal straight tubule paracellular permeability

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The early proximal tubule preferentially reabsorbs organic solutes and bicarbonate over chloride ions, resulting in a luminal fluid with a higher chloride concentration than that in blood. From this late proximal tubular fluid, one-half of NaCl reabsorption by the adult proximal tubule is active and transcellular and one-half is passive and paracellular. The purpose of the present in vitro microperfusion study was to determine the characteristics of passive chloride transport and permeability properties of the adult and neonatal proximal straight tubules (PST). In tubules perfused with a late proximal tubular fluid, net passive chloride flux was 131.7 ± 37.7 pmol·mm-1·min-1 in adult tubules and -17.1 ± 23.3 pmol·mm-1min-1 in neonatal proximal tubules (P < 0.01). Chloride permeability was 10.94 ± 5.21 × 10-5 cm/s in adult proximal tubules and -1.26 ± 1.84 × 10-5 cm/s in neonatal proximal tubules (P < 0.05). Thus neonatal PST have a chloride permeability not different from zero and have no net passive chloride transport. Bicarbonate permeability is also less in neonates than adults in this segment (-0.07 ± 0.03 × 10-5 vs. 0.93 ± 0.27 × 10-5 cm/s, P < 0.01). Neonatal PST have higher sodium-to chloride and bicarbonate-to-chloride permeability ratios than adult PST. However, mannitol and sucrose permeabilities were not different in adult proximal tubules and neonatal PST. Transepithelial resistance was measured using current injection and cable analysis. The resistance was 6.7 ± 0.7 Ω·cm2 in adult tubules and 11.3 ± 1.4 Ω·cm2 in neonatal PST (P < 0.01). In conclusion, there are significant maturational changes in the characteristics of the PST paracellular pathway affecting transport in this nephron segment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F525-F531
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume283
Issue number3 52-3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Bicarbonate permeability
  • Chloride permeability
  • Chloride transport
  • Passive transport
  • Renal development
  • Tight junction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

Cite this