Developmental decline in the microRNA 199a (miR-199a)/miR-214 cluster in human fetal lung promotes type II cell differentiation by upregulating key transcription factors

Ritu Mishra, Houda Benlhabib, Wei Guo, Connie B.Lerma Cervantes, Carole R. Mendelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The major surfactant protein, SP-A (a product of the SFTPA gene), serves as a marker of type II pneumocyte differentiation and surfactant synthesis. SFTPA expression in cultured human fetal lung (HFL) epithelial cells is upregulated by hormones that increase cyclic AMP (cAMP) and activate TTF-1/NKX2.1 and NF-κB. To further define mechanisms for type II cell differentiation and induction of SP-A, we investigated roles of microRNAs (miRNAs). Using microarray to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in HFL epithelial cells during type II cell differentiation in culture, we observed that members of the miRNA 199a (miR-199a)/miR-214 cluster were significantly downregulated during differentiation. Validated and predicted targets of miR-199a-3p/miR-199a-5p and miR-214, which serve roles in type II cell differentiation (COX-2, NF-κB p50/p65, and CREB1), and the CREB1 target, C/EBPβ, were coordinately upregulated. Accordingly, overexpression of miR-199a-5p, miR-199a-3p, or miR-214 mimics in cultured HFL epithelial cells decreased COX-2, NF-κB p50/p65, CREB1, and C/EBPβ proteins, with an associated inhibition of SP-A expression. Interestingly, overexpression of the EMT factor, ZEB1, which declines during cAMPinduced type II cell differentiation, increased pri-miR-199a and reduced the expression of the targets NF-κB/p50 and COX-2. Collectively, these findings suggest that the developmental decline in miR-199a/miR-214 in HFL causes increased expression of critical targets that enhance type II cell differentiation and SP-A expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00037-18
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • COX-2
  • CREB
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Fetal lung
  • MiR-199a
  • NF-κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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