Developmental screening in children with CHD: Ages and Stages Questionnaires

Maia M. Noeder, Beth A. Logan, Kari L. Struemph, Nancy Condon, Isabel Mueller, Barbara Sands, Ryan R Davies, Erica Sood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Standardised developmental screening tools are important for the evaluation and management of developmental disorders in children with CHD; however, psychometric properties and clinical utility of screening tools, such as the Ages & Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ-3), have not been examined in the CHD population. We hypothesised that the ASQ-3 would be clinically useful for this population. Study design ASQ-3 developmental classifications for 163 children with CHD at 6, 12, 24, and/or 36 months of age were compared with those obtained from concurrent developmental testing with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition. Results When ASQ-3 screening failure was defined as ≥1 SD below the normative mean, specificity (≥81.9%) and negative predictive value (≥81.0%) were high across ASQ-3 areas. Sensitivity was high for gross motor skills (79.6%), increased with age for communication (35.7-100%), and generally decreased with age for problem solving (73.1-50.0%). When ASQ-3 screening failure was defined as ≥2 SD below the normative mean, specificity (≥93.6%) and positive predictive value (≥74.5%) were generally high across ASQ-3 areas, but sensitivity was low (31.1%) to fair (62.8%). The ASQ-3 showed improved accuracy in predicting delays over clinical risk factors alone. Conclusions The ASQ-3 appears to be a clinically useful tool for screening development in children with CHD, although its utility varied on the basis of developmental area and time point. Clinicians are encouraged to refer children scoring ≥1 SD below the normative mean on any ASQ-3 area for formal developmental evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1454
Number of pages8
JournalCardiology in the Young
Volume27
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Assessment
  • cardiology
  • neurodevelopment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Noeder, M. M., Logan, B. A., Struemph, K. L., Condon, N., Mueller, I., Sands, B., ... Sood, E. (2017). Developmental screening in children with CHD: Ages and Stages Questionnaires. Cardiology in the Young, 27(8), 1447-1454. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1047951117000415