Diagnostic Algorithm for the Diagnosis of Pediatric Parasitic Gastroenteritis

Stacy G. Beal, Marc Roger Couturier, Rita M. Gander, Christopher D. Doern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Current practices for ordering stool studies in patients with abdominal and gastrointestinal symptoms are not standardized. We hypothesized that an algorithm involving first-line use of a Cryptosporidium/Giardia combination antigen test and stricter use of ova and parasite (O&P) examinations would be clinically and cost effective. Methods: In this study, stool O&P test results for pediatric patients in Dallas, Texas, were reviewed. All results obtained between 2009 and 2012 were included. Patient charts were reviewed to determine test results, symptoms, treatment, travel, and past medical history. Using these data, a retrospective modeling study was done to evaluate the utility of a diagnostic algorithm that limits O&P testing to those patients who are immunocompromised or have travelled outside the United States. Results: Over the 3-year period of this study, we found that the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic disease in children was 1.9%. Analysis of the diagnostic algorithm for the judicious use of stool O&P showed that as much as 65% of testing may be unnecessary and could be eliminated. Conclusions: Our findings show that the prevalence of pediatric gastrointestinal parasitic disease in Texas may be lower than expected. In addition, these data show that a diagnostic algorithm limiting O&P testing may be both clinically and cost effective in low-prevalence settings. However, such an algorithm would miss a significant number of infections due to Dientamoeba fragilis and Blastocystis hominis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Giardia
  • Ova and parasite
  • Parasites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Hematology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Microbiology (medical)

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