The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic value of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in differentiating foot osteomyelitis (OM) from soft tissue infection (STI) in persons without diabetes. We evaluated 102 patients in a retrospective cohort study of nondiabetic patients admitted to our institution with OM (n = 51) and with STI (n = 51). Patient diagnosis was determined through bone culture and/or histopathology for OM and magnetic resonance scan and/or single-photon emission computed tomography for STI. Cutoffs for ESR and CRP to predict OM as identified by receiver operating characteristic were 45.5 mm/h and 3.45 mg/dL, respectively. The ESR cutoff demonstrated a sensitivity and specificity of 49% and 79%, while the values for CRP were 45% and 71%, respectively. The combined sensitivity and specificity for ESR and CRP were 33% and 84%. The positive and negative predictive values were 68% and 60% for ESR and 61% and 56% for CRP, respectively. In conclusion, ESR and CRP demonstrate poor sensitivity and specificity for detecting OM in the nondiabetic foot. These markers have little diagnostic utility in the nondiabetic foot.
- foot infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine