Diagnostic value of quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for early detection of renal hyperperfusion in diabetic kidney disease

Ling Wang, Jian Wu, Jia Fen Cheng, Xin Ying Liu, Fang Ma, Le Hang Guo, Jun Mei Xu, Tianfu Wu, Chandra Mohan, Ai Peng, Hui Xiong Xu, Ya Xiang Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the diagnostic value of quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for early detection of renal hyperperfusion in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Materials and methods: 55 DKD patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >30 ml/min/1.73 m2 and 26 normal controls (NCs) were enrolled. Clinical data was well documented. Blood samples were drawn for evaluation of renal function including blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr) and serum uric acid (SUA), and urine samples were assayed for total protein quantification, and various microprotein markers. According to eGFR level, DKD patients were divided into early-stage DKD (eGFR ≥90 ml/min/1.73 m2, n = 18) and middle-stage DKD (eGFR 30–90 ml/min/1.73 m2, n = 37). Based on urinary microalbumin/creatinine ratio (MALB/UCR), early-stage DKD patients were further classified into two groups: MALB/UCR <10 g/mol (n = 11) and MALB/UCR ≥10 g/mol (n = 7). Then, CEUS was performed to observe the real-time renal perfusion, and low acoustic power contrast-specific imaging was used for quantitative analysis. Results: The renal perfusion images of CEUS were well developed successively. The corresponding perfusion curves based on echo-power signals in time series were constructed. Quantitative analysis showed that area under the descending curve (AUC2) was significantly increased in early-stage DKD compared to middle-stage DKD (p < 0.05), but AUC showed no significant difference. Further comparison between different MALB/UCR levels of early-stage DKD showed that patients with MALB/UCR ≥10 g/mol had significantly increased levels of AUC, AUC2 and proteinuria than patients with low MALB/UCR (p < 0.05). Also, high MALB/UCR DKD patients had increased proteinuria but similar eGFR compared to low MALB/UCR patients. Conclusion: Renal microvascular hyperperfusion may be responsible for overt proteinuria until decline of renal filtration in DKD. AUC2 could be an early and sensitive marker for early renal injury and renal microvascular hyperperfusion in DKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-678
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nephrology
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Contrast-enhanced ultrasound
  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • Renal perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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    Wang, L., Wu, J., Cheng, J. F., Liu, X. Y., Ma, F., Guo, L. H., Xu, J. M., Wu, T., Mohan, C., Peng, A., Xu, H. X., & Song, Y. X. (2015). Diagnostic value of quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for early detection of renal hyperperfusion in diabetic kidney disease. Journal of Nephrology, 28(6), 669-678. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40620-015-0183-3