Did Divorces Decline After the Oklahoma City Bombing?

Paul A. Nakonezny, Rebecca Reddick, Joseph Lee Rodgers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Oklahoma City bombing in April 1995 was an act of terrorism that had many potential influences on the city and state, including influences on families. We analyzed divorce data from 1985 to 2000 for all 77 counties in Oklahoma to assess the divorce response to the Oklahoma City bombing. Our prediction was that divorce rates in Oklahoma would decrease in response to the bombing, a prediction derived from two different theoretical orientations, terror management theory and attachment theory. We test this prediction in the context of two relatively powerful quasi-experimental designs, an interrupted time series design, and a nonequivalent control group design. We analyze the time series data with polynomial regression. Results suggested that there were lower observed divorce rates following the Oklahoma City bombing than the prevailing 10-year cubic divorce trend would have predicted, with the effect dampening over time. We analyzed the nonequivalent control group design using an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) linear model to compare counties in and around Oklahoma City to those farther away, and to compare metropolitan to nonmetropolitan counties in Oklahoma. In each case, divorces were lower in the predicted directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume66
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004

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divorce
time series
terrorism
linear model
Divorce
Bombing
Oklahoma
Group
regression
trend
management
Prediction

Keywords

  • Disaster
  • Divorce
  • Marital dissolution
  • Oklahoma City bombing
  • Terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Did Divorces Decline After the Oklahoma City Bombing? / Nakonezny, Paul A.; Reddick, Rebecca; Rodgers, Joseph Lee.

In: Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 66, No. 1, 02.2004, p. 90-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakonezny, PA, Reddick, R & Rodgers, JL 2004, 'Did Divorces Decline After the Oklahoma City Bombing?', Journal of Marriage and Family, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 90-100.
Nakonezny, Paul A. ; Reddick, Rebecca ; Rodgers, Joseph Lee. / Did Divorces Decline After the Oklahoma City Bombing?. In: Journal of Marriage and Family. 2004 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 90-100.
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