We have studied the HLA class II alleles in 277 South American Indians, which included Argentinian tribes from the Gran Chaco: Toba (n = 135), Toba-Pilaga (n = 19), Mataco-Wichi (n = 49), and Xavantes, a tribe from Central Brazil (n = 74). In the Brazilian tribe, only four DR groups were found: DRB1*1602 (gf = 0.303), DRB1*04 including DRB1*0404 (gf = 0.070) and DRB1*0407 (gf = 0.077), DRB1*0802 fgf = 0.265), and DRB1*1402 (gf = 0.303). The HLA class II allele frequencies were similar among the different Argentinian tribes, and 90% of DRB1 alleles belonged to three families: DRB1*04 (including DRB1*0403, DRB1*0404, DRB1*0407, DRB1*0411, and DRB1*0417), DRB1*0802, and DRB1*14 (including DRB1*1402 and DRB1*1406). At the DPB1 locus, we found only seven alleles, the most frequent being DPB1*0402. Comparison of HLA class II alleles with those of North American Indians that we have previously studied shows that the frequency of some HLA class II alleles in Brazilian Xavantes resembles that of North American Indians more than that of the Argentinian Indian tribes. The allele DRB1*0417 was found exclusively in this population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy