Differences in risk factors for suicidality between African American and white patients vulnerable to suicide

Lauren C. Vanderwerker, Joyce H. Chen, Peter Charpentier, Mary Elizabeth Paulk, Marion Michalski, Holly G. Prigerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Risk factors for suicidal ideation and attempts have been shown to differ between African Americans and Whites across the lifespan. In the present study, risk factors for suicidality were examined separately by race/ethnicity in a population of 131 older adult patients considered vulnerable to suicide due to substance abuse and/or medical frailty. In adjusted analyses, social support was significantly associated with suicidality in African American patients, while younger age and the presence of an anxiety disorder were significantly associated with suicidality in White patients. The results suggest that race/ethnicity-specific risk profiles may improve the detection of suicidality in vulnerable populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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African Americans
Suicide
Suicidal Ideation
Vulnerable Populations
Anxiety Disorders
Social Support
Substance-Related Disorders
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Differences in risk factors for suicidality between African American and white patients vulnerable to suicide. / Vanderwerker, Lauren C.; Chen, Joyce H.; Charpentier, Peter; Paulk, Mary Elizabeth; Michalski, Marion; Prigerson, Holly G.

In: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Vol. 37, No. 1, 02.2007, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vanderwerker, Lauren C. ; Chen, Joyce H. ; Charpentier, Peter ; Paulk, Mary Elizabeth ; Michalski, Marion ; Prigerson, Holly G. / Differences in risk factors for suicidality between African American and white patients vulnerable to suicide. In: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 2007 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 1-9.
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