Low phosphate and high phosphate forms of phosphofructokinase (Furuya, E., and Uyeda, K. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 11656-11659) from rat liver were purified to homogeneity and various properties were compared. The specific activities of these enzymes and their electrophoretic mobilities on polyacrylamide in sodium dodecyl sulfate are the same. A limited tryptic digestion yields products with no change in the enzyme activity but with a reduction in the molecular weight of about 2000. Both low and high phosphate enzymes can be phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, and approximately twice as much [32P]phosphate is incorporated into the low phosphate than the high phosphate enzyme. A comparison of their allosteric kinetic properties reveal that the high phosphate enzyme is much more sensitive to inhibition by ATP and citrate and shows a higher K0.5 for fructose 6-phosphate than the low phosphate enzyme, and the difference in the K0.5 values becomes greater at lower pH values. Furthermore, the high phosphate phosphofructokinase is less sensitive to activation by AMP and fructose 2,6-bisphosphate. Moreover, when the low phosphate enzyme is phosphorylated by protein kinase, the resulting phosphorylated enzyme exhibits a higher K0.5 for fructose 2,6-bisphosphate than does the untreated enzyme. These results demonstrate that the phosphorylation affects the allosteric kinetic properties of the enzyme and results in a less active form of phosphofructokinase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 25 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology