Differences in the regulation of fibroblast contraction of floating versus stressed collagen matrices

Frederick Grinnell, Chin Han Ho, Ying Chun Lin, Gabriella Skuta

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Abstract

To learn more about the regulation of contraction of collagen matrices by fibroblasts, we compared the ability of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) to stimulate contraction of floating and stressed collagen matrices. In floating collagen matrices, PDGF and LPA stimulated contraction with similar kinetics, but appeared to utilize complementary signaling pathways since contraction obtained by the combination of growth factors exceeded that observed with saturating concentrations of either alone. The PDGF-simulated pathway was selectively inhibited by the protein kinase inhibitor KT5926. In stressed collagen matrices, PDGF and LPA stimulated contraction with different kinetics, with LPA acting rapidly and PDGF acting only after an ~1-h lag period. Pertussis toxin, known to block signaling through the G(i) class of heterotrimeric G- proteins, inhibited LPA-stimulated contraction of floating but not stressed matrices, suggesting that LPA-stimulated contraction depends on receptors coupled to different G-proteins in floating and stressed matrices. On the other hand, the Rho inhibitor C3 exotransferase blocked contraction of both floating and stressed collagen matrices. These results suggest the possibility that distinct signaling mechanisms regulate contraction of floating and stressed collagen matrices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-923
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 8 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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