Different Molecular Motors Mediate Platelet-derived Growth Factor and Lysophosphatidic Acid-stimulated Floating Collagen Matrix Contraction

Masatoshi Abe, Chin Han Ho, Kristine E. Kamm, Frederick Grinnell

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Abstract

Fibroblast-collagen matrix contraction has been used as a model system to study how cells organize connective tissue. Previous work showed that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-stimulated floating collagen matrix contraction is independent of Rho kinase, whereas platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated contraction is Rho kinase-dependent. The current studies were carried out to learn more about the molecular motors responsible for LPA- and PDGF-stimulated contraction. We found that neither PDGF nor LPA-dependent contractile mechanisms require myosin II regulatory light chain kinase or increased phosphorylation of myosin II regulatory light chain (measured as diphosphorylation). Low concentrations of the specific myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin blocked PDGF-stimulated matrix contraction and LPA-stimulated retraction of fibroblast dendritic extensions but not LPA-stimulated matrix contraction. These data suggest that PDGF- and LPA-stimulated floating matrix contraction utilize myosin II-dependent and -independent mechanisms, respectively. LPA-dependent, Rho kinase-independent force generation also was detected during fibroblast spreading on collagen-coated coverslips.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47707-47712
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2003

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Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Collagen
Myosin Type II
rho-Associated Kinases
Fibroblasts
Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase
Connective Tissue Cells
Myosin Light Chains
Phosphorylation
lysophosphatidic acid
Phosphotransferases
Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Different Molecular Motors Mediate Platelet-derived Growth Factor and Lysophosphatidic Acid-stimulated Floating Collagen Matrix Contraction",
abstract = "Fibroblast-collagen matrix contraction has been used as a model system to study how cells organize connective tissue. Previous work showed that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-stimulated floating collagen matrix contraction is independent of Rho kinase, whereas platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated contraction is Rho kinase-dependent. The current studies were carried out to learn more about the molecular motors responsible for LPA- and PDGF-stimulated contraction. We found that neither PDGF nor LPA-dependent contractile mechanisms require myosin II regulatory light chain kinase or increased phosphorylation of myosin II regulatory light chain (measured as diphosphorylation). Low concentrations of the specific myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin blocked PDGF-stimulated matrix contraction and LPA-stimulated retraction of fibroblast dendritic extensions but not LPA-stimulated matrix contraction. These data suggest that PDGF- and LPA-stimulated floating matrix contraction utilize myosin II-dependent and -independent mechanisms, respectively. LPA-dependent, Rho kinase-independent force generation also was detected during fibroblast spreading on collagen-coated coverslips.",
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AU - Abe, Masatoshi

AU - Ho, Chin Han

AU - Kamm, Kristine E.

AU - Grinnell, Frederick

PY - 2003/11/28

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N2 - Fibroblast-collagen matrix contraction has been used as a model system to study how cells organize connective tissue. Previous work showed that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-stimulated floating collagen matrix contraction is independent of Rho kinase, whereas platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated contraction is Rho kinase-dependent. The current studies were carried out to learn more about the molecular motors responsible for LPA- and PDGF-stimulated contraction. We found that neither PDGF nor LPA-dependent contractile mechanisms require myosin II regulatory light chain kinase or increased phosphorylation of myosin II regulatory light chain (measured as diphosphorylation). Low concentrations of the specific myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin blocked PDGF-stimulated matrix contraction and LPA-stimulated retraction of fibroblast dendritic extensions but not LPA-stimulated matrix contraction. These data suggest that PDGF- and LPA-stimulated floating matrix contraction utilize myosin II-dependent and -independent mechanisms, respectively. LPA-dependent, Rho kinase-independent force generation also was detected during fibroblast spreading on collagen-coated coverslips.

AB - Fibroblast-collagen matrix contraction has been used as a model system to study how cells organize connective tissue. Previous work showed that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-stimulated floating collagen matrix contraction is independent of Rho kinase, whereas platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated contraction is Rho kinase-dependent. The current studies were carried out to learn more about the molecular motors responsible for LPA- and PDGF-stimulated contraction. We found that neither PDGF nor LPA-dependent contractile mechanisms require myosin II regulatory light chain kinase or increased phosphorylation of myosin II regulatory light chain (measured as diphosphorylation). Low concentrations of the specific myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin blocked PDGF-stimulated matrix contraction and LPA-stimulated retraction of fibroblast dendritic extensions but not LPA-stimulated matrix contraction. These data suggest that PDGF- and LPA-stimulated floating matrix contraction utilize myosin II-dependent and -independent mechanisms, respectively. LPA-dependent, Rho kinase-independent force generation also was detected during fibroblast spreading on collagen-coated coverslips.

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