Differential expression of GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase and GalNAc-transferase results in distinct glycoforms of carbonic anhydrase VI in parotid and submaxillary glands

Lora V. Hooper, Mary C. Beranek, Stephen M. Manzella, Jacques U. Baenziger

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Abstract

Differential expression of glycosyltransferases has the potential to generate functionally distinct glycoforms of otherwise identical proteins. We have previously demonstrated the presence of unique oligosaccharides terminating with GalNAc-4-SO4 on the pituitary glycoproteins lutropin (LH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC). A glycoprotein hormone:GalNAc-transferase and a GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase are present in the pituitary and can account for the synthesis of these unique oligosaccharides on specific glycoproteins. Both transferases are coordinately expressed in a number of tissues in addition to pituitary, including submaxillary gland, lacrimal gland, and kidney, suggesting that additional glycoproteins bearing oligosaccharides terminating with GalNAc-4-SO4 are synthesized in these tissues. In this study we show that while the glycoprotein hormone:GalNAc-transferase and the GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase are coordinately expressed in bovine submaxillary gland, the GalNAc-transferase is expressed in the parotid gland in the absence of the GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase. The relative expression of these two transferases in submaxillary and parotid glands correlates with the presence of unique Asn-linked oligosaccharides on carbonic anhydrase VI (CA VI) synthesized in each of these tissues. The majority of Asn-linked oligosaccharides on CA VI synthesized in submaxillary gland terminate with GalNAc-4-SO4. In contrast, CA VI which is synthesized in bovine parotid gland bears oligosaccharides which terminate predominantly with β1,4-linked GalNAc which is not sulfated. The presence of different terminal residues on the Asn-linked oligosaccharides of submaxillary and parotid CA VI thus correlates with the complement of transferases in these glands and suggests differing biological roles for submaxillary and parotid CA VI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5985-5993
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 17 1995

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Submandibular Gland
Parotid Gland
Oligosaccharides
Transferases
Glycoproteins
Tissue
Bearings (structural)
Lacrimal Apparatus
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Glycosyltransferases
Thyrotropin
Luteinizing Hormone
polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
carbonic anhydrase VI
N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfotransferase
Kidney
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Differential expression of GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase and GalNAc-transferase results in distinct glycoforms of carbonic anhydrase VI in parotid and submaxillary glands. / Hooper, Lora V.; Beranek, Mary C.; Manzella, Stephen M.; Baenziger, Jacques U.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 270, No. 11, 17.03.1995, p. 5985-5993.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Differential expression of glycosyltransferases has the potential to generate functionally distinct glycoforms of otherwise identical proteins. We have previously demonstrated the presence of unique oligosaccharides terminating with GalNAc-4-SO4 on the pituitary glycoproteins lutropin (LH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC). A glycoprotein hormone:GalNAc-transferase and a GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase are present in the pituitary and can account for the synthesis of these unique oligosaccharides on specific glycoproteins. Both transferases are coordinately expressed in a number of tissues in addition to pituitary, including submaxillary gland, lacrimal gland, and kidney, suggesting that additional glycoproteins bearing oligosaccharides terminating with GalNAc-4-SO4 are synthesized in these tissues. In this study we show that while the glycoprotein hormone:GalNAc-transferase and the GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase are coordinately expressed in bovine submaxillary gland, the GalNAc-transferase is expressed in the parotid gland in the absence of the GalNAc-4-sulfotransferase. The relative expression of these two transferases in submaxillary and parotid glands correlates with the presence of unique Asn-linked oligosaccharides on carbonic anhydrase VI (CA VI) synthesized in each of these tissues. The majority of Asn-linked oligosaccharides on CA VI synthesized in submaxillary gland terminate with GalNAc-4-SO4. In contrast, CA VI which is synthesized in bovine parotid gland bears oligosaccharides which terminate predominantly with β1,4-linked GalNAc which is not sulfated. The presence of different terminal residues on the Asn-linked oligosaccharides of submaxillary and parotid CA VI thus correlates with the complement of transferases in these glands and suggests differing biological roles for submaxillary and parotid CA VI.",
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