Differential regulation of the expression of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, synthase, and low density lipoprotein receptor genes

J. A. Cuthbert, P. E. Lipsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of mitogenic stimulation of human T lymphocytes to alter the expression of genes involved in sterol metabolism was examined. Messenger RNA levels for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, HMG-CoA synthase, and low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor were quantified in resting and mitogen-stimulated T lymphocytes by nuclease protection assay. Mitogenic stimulation increased HMG-CoA synthase mRNA levels by 5-fold and LDL receptor by 4-fold when cells were cultured in lipoprotein-depleted medium whereas HMG-CoA reductase gene expression was not significantly increased. When cultures were supplemented with concentrations of low density lipoprotein sufficient to saturate LDL receptors, expression of all three genes was inhibited in resting lymphocytes, as effectively as was noted with fibroblasts. Similarly, LDL down-regulated gene expression in mitogen- activated lymphocytes so that mitogenic stimulation did not increase either HMG-CoA reductase or synthase mRNA levels, although LDL receptor gene expression was enhanced. These results indicate that expression of three of the genes involved in sterol metabolism is differentially regulated by LDL and mitogenic stimulation. Moreover, the increase in rates of endogenous sterol synthesis and the activity of HMG-CoA reductase in mitogen-stimulated T lymphocytes cannot be accounted for by increases in HMG-CoA reductase mRNA levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1157-1163
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume33
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • HMG-CoA reductase mRNA
  • HMG-CoA synthase mRNA
  • LDL receptor mRNA
  • low density lipoprotein
  • mitogen-stimulated T lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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