Diffusion imaging techniques including the Stejskal-Tanner and the stimulated emission of amplitude echoes (STEAM) pulse sequences are discussed. The calculation of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps is reviewed. The perfusion imaging techniques of blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) and first pass bolus perfusion techniques as well as the newer technique of echo-planar imaging with signal targeting and altering radiofrequency (EPISTAR) are also discussed. Finally, the theory of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and its relationship to both diffusion and perfusion phenomena is examined.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Magnetic resonance imaging clinics of North America|
|State||Published - Aug 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging