Dimensional analysis of the left ventricle: effects of acute aortic regurgitation

S. J. Leshin, L. D. Horwitz, J. H. Mitchell

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of acute severe aortic regurgitation on the left ventricle were investigated in conscious, chronically instrumented dogs. Left ventricular dimensions and volumes were measured from biplane cineradiographs of beads positioned near the endocardium. Data were collected before and after the production of aortic regurgitation by a catheter technique. The aortic regurgitation resulted in increases in mean aortic pulse pressure from 44 to 73 mm Hg (P < 0.001), heart rate from 87 to 122 beats/min (P < 0.02), and left ventricular end diastolic pressure from 11 to 25 mm Hg (P < 0.05). Mean end diastolic volume rose from 61 to 69 cc (P < 0.001), while end systolic volume remained unchanged at 37 cc. The end diastolic dilatation following regurgitation was asymmetrical in that the increase in size was due principally to an increase in the septal lateral axis. The acute volume load of aortic regurgitation was accomplished by an increase in end diastolic volume, i.e. the Frank Starling mechanism. The tachycardia probably reflects augmented cardiac sympathetic activity, but the constant end systolic volume at a similar mean systolic pressure suggests that the net contractile state was unchanged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Journal of Physiology
Pages536-542
Number of pages7
Volume228
Edition2
StatePublished - 1975

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Leshin, S. J., Horwitz, L. D., & Mitchell, J. H. (1975). Dimensional analysis of the left ventricle: effects of acute aortic regurgitation. In American Journal of Physiology (2 ed., Vol. 228, pp. 536-542)