Diminished hepatic response to fasting/refeeding and liver X receptor agonists in mice with selective deficiency of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c

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Abstract

Two treatments, fasting/refeeding and administration of liver X receptor (LXR) agonists, elevate the mRNA for sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and enhance lipid synthesis in liver. These treatments do not affect the mRNA for SREBP-1a, an alternative transcript from the same gene. Through homologous recombination, we eliminated the exon encoding SREBP-1c from the mouse genome, leaving the SREBP-1a transcript intact. On a normal diet, livers of SREBP-1c-/- mice manifested reductions in multiple mRNAs encoding enzymes of fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis, including acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS). In contrast, SREBP-1c-/- livers showed a compensatory increase in hepatic SREBP-2 mRNA, accompanied by increased mRNA levels for cholesterol biosynthetic enzymes. In fasted/refed animals, ACC and FAS mRNAs rose, but not to the same extent as in wild-type livers. The refeeding-induced increase in SREBP-1c-/- mice was greater than in mice lacking SREBP cleavageactivating protein (SCAP), in which all nuclear SREBPs are absent. Thus, SREBP-2 and/or SREBP-1a can substitute partially for SREBP-1c in permitting an insulin-mediated increase in ACC and FAS mRNAs. In contrast, mRNAs for several other lipogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme, glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1) showed a complete failure of the normal inductive response to refeeding, indicating specific reliance on SREBP-1c. Moreover, these mRNAs, as well as multiple other lipogenic mRNAs, showed a markedly blunted response to the LXR agonist T090137, indicating an essential role of SREBP-1c in the LXR response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9520-9528
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2002

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Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1
Liver
Fasting
Messenger RNA
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Fatty Acid Synthases
Enzymes
Liver X Receptors
Genes
Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Proteins
Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase
Acyltransferases
Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Homologous Recombination
Nutrition
Exons
Animals
Triglycerides
Fatty Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{a73c366fd8a245918d3ec32f19a1648a,
title = "Diminished hepatic response to fasting/refeeding and liver X receptor agonists in mice with selective deficiency of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c",
abstract = "Two treatments, fasting/refeeding and administration of liver X receptor (LXR) agonists, elevate the mRNA for sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and enhance lipid synthesis in liver. These treatments do not affect the mRNA for SREBP-1a, an alternative transcript from the same gene. Through homologous recombination, we eliminated the exon encoding SREBP-1c from the mouse genome, leaving the SREBP-1a transcript intact. On a normal diet, livers of SREBP-1c-/- mice manifested reductions in multiple mRNAs encoding enzymes of fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis, including acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS). In contrast, SREBP-1c-/- livers showed a compensatory increase in hepatic SREBP-2 mRNA, accompanied by increased mRNA levels for cholesterol biosynthetic enzymes. In fasted/refed animals, ACC and FAS mRNAs rose, but not to the same extent as in wild-type livers. The refeeding-induced increase in SREBP-1c-/- mice was greater than in mice lacking SREBP cleavageactivating protein (SCAP), in which all nuclear SREBPs are absent. Thus, SREBP-2 and/or SREBP-1a can substitute partially for SREBP-1c in permitting an insulin-mediated increase in ACC and FAS mRNAs. In contrast, mRNAs for several other lipogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme, glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1) showed a complete failure of the normal inductive response to refeeding, indicating specific reliance on SREBP-1c. Moreover, these mRNAs, as well as multiple other lipogenic mRNAs, showed a markedly blunted response to the LXR agonist T090137, indicating an essential role of SREBP-1c in the LXR response.",
author = "Guosheng Liang and Jian Yang and Horton, {Jay D} and Hammer, {Robert E} and Goldstein, {Joseph L} and Brown, {Michael S}",
year = "2002",
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T1 - Diminished hepatic response to fasting/refeeding and liver X receptor agonists in mice with selective deficiency of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c

AU - Liang, Guosheng

AU - Yang, Jian

AU - Horton, Jay D

AU - Hammer, Robert E

AU - Goldstein, Joseph L

AU - Brown, Michael S

PY - 2002/3/15

Y1 - 2002/3/15

N2 - Two treatments, fasting/refeeding and administration of liver X receptor (LXR) agonists, elevate the mRNA for sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and enhance lipid synthesis in liver. These treatments do not affect the mRNA for SREBP-1a, an alternative transcript from the same gene. Through homologous recombination, we eliminated the exon encoding SREBP-1c from the mouse genome, leaving the SREBP-1a transcript intact. On a normal diet, livers of SREBP-1c-/- mice manifested reductions in multiple mRNAs encoding enzymes of fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis, including acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS). In contrast, SREBP-1c-/- livers showed a compensatory increase in hepatic SREBP-2 mRNA, accompanied by increased mRNA levels for cholesterol biosynthetic enzymes. In fasted/refed animals, ACC and FAS mRNAs rose, but not to the same extent as in wild-type livers. The refeeding-induced increase in SREBP-1c-/- mice was greater than in mice lacking SREBP cleavageactivating protein (SCAP), in which all nuclear SREBPs are absent. Thus, SREBP-2 and/or SREBP-1a can substitute partially for SREBP-1c in permitting an insulin-mediated increase in ACC and FAS mRNAs. In contrast, mRNAs for several other lipogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme, glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1) showed a complete failure of the normal inductive response to refeeding, indicating specific reliance on SREBP-1c. Moreover, these mRNAs, as well as multiple other lipogenic mRNAs, showed a markedly blunted response to the LXR agonist T090137, indicating an essential role of SREBP-1c in the LXR response.

AB - Two treatments, fasting/refeeding and administration of liver X receptor (LXR) agonists, elevate the mRNA for sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and enhance lipid synthesis in liver. These treatments do not affect the mRNA for SREBP-1a, an alternative transcript from the same gene. Through homologous recombination, we eliminated the exon encoding SREBP-1c from the mouse genome, leaving the SREBP-1a transcript intact. On a normal diet, livers of SREBP-1c-/- mice manifested reductions in multiple mRNAs encoding enzymes of fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis, including acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS). In contrast, SREBP-1c-/- livers showed a compensatory increase in hepatic SREBP-2 mRNA, accompanied by increased mRNA levels for cholesterol biosynthetic enzymes. In fasted/refed animals, ACC and FAS mRNAs rose, but not to the same extent as in wild-type livers. The refeeding-induced increase in SREBP-1c-/- mice was greater than in mice lacking SREBP cleavageactivating protein (SCAP), in which all nuclear SREBPs are absent. Thus, SREBP-2 and/or SREBP-1a can substitute partially for SREBP-1c in permitting an insulin-mediated increase in ACC and FAS mRNAs. In contrast, mRNAs for several other lipogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme, glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1) showed a complete failure of the normal inductive response to refeeding, indicating specific reliance on SREBP-1c. Moreover, these mRNAs, as well as multiple other lipogenic mRNAs, showed a markedly blunted response to the LXR agonist T090137, indicating an essential role of SREBP-1c in the LXR response.

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