Dipolar dark solitons

Krzysztof Pawłowski, Kazimierz Rzązewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


We numerically generate and then study the basic properties of dark soliton-like excitations in a dipolar gas confined in a quasi one-dimensional trap. These excitations, although very similar to dark solitons in a gas with contact interaction, interact with each other and can form bound states. During collisions these dipolar solitons emit phonons, losing energy but accelerating. Even after thousands of subsequent collisions they survive as gray solitons and finally reach dynamical equilibrium with background quasiparticles. Finally, in the frame of classical field approximation, we verified, that these solitons appear spontaneously in thermal samples, analogously to the type II excitations in a gas of atoms with contact interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105006
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 21 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • dipolar gas
  • solitons
  • ultracold gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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