Direct and indirect measures of social perception, behavior, and emotional functioning in children with asperger's disorder, nonverbal learning disability, or ADHD

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Jenifer Walkowiak, Alison Wilkinson, Elizabeth Portman Minne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding social interactions is crucial for development of social competence. The present study was one of the first to utilize direct and indirect measures of social perception to explore possible differences among children with nonverbal learning disability (NLD), Asperger's Syndrome (AS), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined (ADHD-C), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Predominately Inattentive (ADHD-PI), and controls (N=342). Multiple informants provided ratings of the child's behavioral and social functioning. Results indicated that the NLD and AS groups experienced the most difficulty understanding emotional and nonverbal cues on the direct measure. In addition, children with AS or NLD showed significant signs of sadness and social withdrawal compared to the other groups. Attentional skills, while related to social perception, did not predict social perception difficulties to the same degree as number of AS symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-519
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

Asperger Syndrome
Social Perception
Learning Disorders
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Interpersonal Relations
Cues

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Asperger's disorder
  • Behavior
  • Nonverbal learning disabilities
  • Social perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Direct and indirect measures of social perception, behavior, and emotional functioning in children with asperger's disorder, nonverbal learning disability, or ADHD. / Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret; Walkowiak, Jenifer; Wilkinson, Alison; Minne, Elizabeth Portman.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 4, 05.2010, p. 509-519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{545a83b16cdc42bd8b91dc4ba6dd4cb4,
title = "Direct and indirect measures of social perception, behavior, and emotional functioning in children with asperger's disorder, nonverbal learning disability, or ADHD",
abstract = "Understanding social interactions is crucial for development of social competence. The present study was one of the first to utilize direct and indirect measures of social perception to explore possible differences among children with nonverbal learning disability (NLD), Asperger's Syndrome (AS), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined (ADHD-C), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Predominately Inattentive (ADHD-PI), and controls (N=342). Multiple informants provided ratings of the child's behavioral and social functioning. Results indicated that the NLD and AS groups experienced the most difficulty understanding emotional and nonverbal cues on the direct measure. In addition, children with AS or NLD showed significant signs of sadness and social withdrawal compared to the other groups. Attentional skills, while related to social perception, did not predict social perception difficulties to the same degree as number of AS symptoms.",
keywords = "ADHD, Asperger's disorder, Behavior, Nonverbal learning disabilities, Social perception",
author = "Margaret Semrud-Clikeman and Jenifer Walkowiak and Alison Wilkinson and Minne, {Elizabeth Portman}",
year = "2010",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1007/s10802-009-9380-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "509--519",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology",
issn = "0091-0627",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct and indirect measures of social perception, behavior, and emotional functioning in children with asperger's disorder, nonverbal learning disability, or ADHD

AU - Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret

AU - Walkowiak, Jenifer

AU - Wilkinson, Alison

AU - Minne, Elizabeth Portman

PY - 2010/5

Y1 - 2010/5

N2 - Understanding social interactions is crucial for development of social competence. The present study was one of the first to utilize direct and indirect measures of social perception to explore possible differences among children with nonverbal learning disability (NLD), Asperger's Syndrome (AS), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined (ADHD-C), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Predominately Inattentive (ADHD-PI), and controls (N=342). Multiple informants provided ratings of the child's behavioral and social functioning. Results indicated that the NLD and AS groups experienced the most difficulty understanding emotional and nonverbal cues on the direct measure. In addition, children with AS or NLD showed significant signs of sadness and social withdrawal compared to the other groups. Attentional skills, while related to social perception, did not predict social perception difficulties to the same degree as number of AS symptoms.

AB - Understanding social interactions is crucial for development of social competence. The present study was one of the first to utilize direct and indirect measures of social perception to explore possible differences among children with nonverbal learning disability (NLD), Asperger's Syndrome (AS), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined (ADHD-C), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Predominately Inattentive (ADHD-PI), and controls (N=342). Multiple informants provided ratings of the child's behavioral and social functioning. Results indicated that the NLD and AS groups experienced the most difficulty understanding emotional and nonverbal cues on the direct measure. In addition, children with AS or NLD showed significant signs of sadness and social withdrawal compared to the other groups. Attentional skills, while related to social perception, did not predict social perception difficulties to the same degree as number of AS symptoms.

KW - ADHD

KW - Asperger's disorder

KW - Behavior

KW - Nonverbal learning disabilities

KW - Social perception

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955298651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955298651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10802-009-9380-7

DO - 10.1007/s10802-009-9380-7

M3 - Article

C2 - 20084452

AN - SCOPUS:77955298651

VL - 38

SP - 509

EP - 519

JO - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

SN - 0091-0627

IS - 4

ER -