Direct chest area measurement: A potential anthropometric replacement for BMI to inform cardiac CT dose parameters?

Brian B. Ghoshhajra, Leif Christopher Engel, Gyöngyi Petra Major, Dan Verdini, Manavjot Sidhu, Mihály Károlyi, Suhny Abbara, Udo Hoffmann, Manudeep Kalra, Thomas J. Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Significant dose reductions for coronary CT angiography (CTA) can be achieved with reduced tube potential (kV); however, the potential effect on image quality is unknown. Objective: We sought to evaluate anthropometric measures (chest area, chest circumference, and chest attenuation) as potentially better predictors of the appropriate tube potential versus body mass index (BMI). Methods: Consecutive patients (n = 183) who underwent routine coronary CTA (with standard department protocols, whereby tube potential was selected according to BMI) between April 2010 and October 2010 were included. All anthropometric measures were obtained by tracing a region of interest encompassing an entire axial full field-of-view image at the mid left atrial level. Linear regression was used to stratify patients into 4 chest area classes (very small to large). Patients were also stratified by standard BMI classes (underweight to obese). Qualitative and quantitative image quality parameters were compared between concordant and discordant chest area and BMI classes. Results: A strong correlation was observed between patients’ BMI and chest area (r = 0.84; P < 0.001) and between BMI and chest circumference (r = 0.82, P < 0.001). Concordance between chest area class and BMI class was found in 61%, whereas 17.6% of patients were “potentially underdosed” (chest area class > BMI class) and 21.4% were “potentially overdosed” (chest area class < BMI class). Signal and contrast of the proximal coronaries and left ventricle were significantly different between the groups. Conclusion: Patients’ chest area and BMI classes were frequently discordant, potentially leading to overdosing or underdosing when using BMI to select tube potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-246
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cardiovascular computed tomography
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiac CT angiography
  • Contrast-to-noise ratio
  • Image quality
  • Linear regression
  • Radiation dose
  • Second-generation dual-source CT
  • Tube voltage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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