Using an indirect subtraction binding technique and human postmortem tissue, several laboratories reported finding increases in dopamine D4 receptors in caudate nuclei of schizophrenic patients, although others have not replicated these findings. NGD-94-1 is a selective D4 antagonist with low affinity for the D2 and D3 receptors. [3H]NGD-94-1 has been used in this study to directly determine the density of D4 receptors in normals (n = 13) and schizophrenic subjects (n = 7) off antipsychotic drugs for at least 3 months prior to death, or on antipsychotic (n = 7) drugs at the time of death. Human postmortem coronal brain sections were incubated with [3H]NGD-94-1 and autoradiograms developed; and binding in pertinent regions was quantified. In normals, the highest density of [3H]NGD-94-1 binding was in the hippocampus (68 fmol mg-1, temporal (33), insular (30), and entorhinal cortices (24.9). Significant increases in [3H]NGD-94-1 density in schizophrenics (n = 14) vs normals (n = 13) were observed in the entorhinal cortex (46%) at both low and high magnifications. The increases observed in the schizophrenics were found in both schizophrenics off antipsychotic drugs for at least 3 months prior to death and those on antipsychotic drugs at the time of death. Thus, the changes may be disease-related and not a consequence of pharmacological treatment. No significant differences were found between the two schizophrenic groups in any brain area studied.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
- D receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Psychiatry and Mental health