Direct molecular interactions between HMGB1 and TP53 in colorectal cancer

Kristen M. Livesey, Rui Kang, Herbert J. Zeh, Michael T. Lotze, Daolin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumorigenesis and the efficacy of cancer therapeutics are both defined by the balance between autophagy and apoptosis. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a DNA chaperone and extracellular damage-associated molecular pattern molecule (DAMP) with pro-autophagic activity. TP53/p53 plays a transcription-dependent and -independent role in the regulation of apoptosis, autophagy, metabolism, cell cycle progression, and many other processes. Both HMGB1 and TP53 are tightly linked with the development of cancer, associated with many of the hallmarks defining the altered biology of cancer. We have demonstrated that TP53-HMGB1 complexes regulate the balance between apoptosis and autophagy through regulation of the cytosolic localization of the reciprocal binding partner, whereby increased cytosolic HMGB1 enhances autophagy and increased cytosolic TP53 enhances apoptosis in colon cancer cells. We found that HMGB1-mediated autophagy promotes cell survival in TP53-dependent processes, and that TP53 inhibits autophagy through negative regulation of HMGB1-BECN1 complexes. Nuclear localization of TP53 and HMGB1 in tumors from patients with colon adenocarcinoma had a positive trend with survival time from diagnosis. Thus, HMGB1 and TP53 are critical in the crossregulation of apoptosis and autophagy and central to colon cancer biology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)846-848
Number of pages3
JournalAutophagy
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Autophagy
  • Colorectal cancer
  • HMGB1
  • TP53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this