Discovery of orexin 2 receptor selective and dual orexin receptor agonists based on the tetralin structure: Switching of receptor selectivity by chirality on the tetralin ring

Keita Iio, Tsuyoshi Saitoh, Ryuichiro Ohshita, Tsubasa Hino, Mao Amezawa, Yoshiaki Takayama, Yasuyuki Nagumo, Naoshi Yamamoto, Noriki Kutsumura, Yoko Irukayama-Tomobe, Yukiko Ishikawa, Ryuji Tanimura, Masashi Yanagisawa, Hiroshi Nagase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel series of 1-amino-tetralin derivatives were designed and synthesized based on the putative binding mode of the naphthalene-type orexin receptor agonist 5 and their agonist activities against orexin receptors were evaluated. The introduction of N-methyl-(3-methoxyphenyl)acetamide unit onto the 1-amino-tetralin skeleton remarkably enhanced the potency of the agonist. The asymmetric synthesis of 6 revealed that (–)-6 having a (S)-1-amino-tetralin skeleton showed a OX2R selective agonist activity (EC50 = 2.69 nM for OX2R, OX1R/OX2R = 461) yet its enantiomer (R)-(+)-6 showed a potent OX1/2R dual agonist activity (EC50 = 13.5 nM for OX1R, 0.579 nM for OX2R, OX1R/OX2R = 23.3). These results suggested that upward orientation of the amide side chain against the tetralin scaffold (S-configuration) would be selective for OX2R activation, and the downward orientation (R-configuration) would be significant for dual agonist activity. To our best knowledge, there have been no reports thus far that the stereochemistry of one carbon center on the agonist structure regulates the orexin receptor selectivity. Our results would provide important information for the development of OX1R selective agonists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number128555
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agonist
  • Diarylsulfonamide
  • OX1R
  • OX2R
  • Orexin
  • Orexin receptor
  • Tetraline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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