Mutations in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene cause one form of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a progressive disorder of motor neurons leading to weakness and death of affected individuals. Experiments using both transgenic mice expressing mutant SOD1 and SOD1 knock-out mice have demonstrated that disease is caused by a toxic gain of function and not by a loss of normal SOD1 activity. Precise mechanisms underlying mutant SOD1 toxicity are unclear but may involve abnormal interactions between zinc and SOD1. The metallothioneins (MTs) represent a family of zinc binding proteins that can function as zinc chaperones for apo-SOD1 in vitro. We hypothesized that manipulation of metallothioneins in vivo might alter the disease phenotype of transgenic mice expressing G93A SOD1 and therefore crossed this line with MT-I and MT-II or MT-III knock-out mice. G93A SOD1 mice deficient of either MT-I and MT-II or MT-III exhibited significant reductions in survival compared with G93A SOD1 mice. In addition, motor dysfunction was markedly accelerated in G93A SOD1 mice deficient in metallothioneins with regard to onset (MT-I and MT-II) or progression (MT-III). These results indicate that the disease course in G93A SOD1 mice is dependent on levels of metallothionein expression. Because MT-I and MT-II are expressed in glia whereas MT-III is found in neurons, these results also indicate that primary changes within non-neuronal cells can affect mutant SOD1-induced disease and do so in ways distinct from primary neuronal changes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - Oct 15 2002|
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
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