Cholesterol and other sterols exit the body primarily by secretion into bile. In patients with sitosterolemia, mutations in either of two ATP-binding cassette (ABC) half-transporters, ABCG5 or ABCG8, lead to reduced secretion of sterols into bile, implicating these transporters in this process, To elucidate the roles of ABCG5 and ABCG8 in the trafficking of sterols, we disrupted Abcg5 and Abcg8 in mice (G5G8-t-). The GSG8-t- mice had a 2- to 3-fold increase in the fractional absorption of dietary plant sterols, which was associated with an ≈30-fold increase in plasma sitosterol. Biliary cholesterol concentrations were extremely low in the GSG8-/- mice when compared with wild-type animals (mean = 0.4 vs. 5.5 μmol/ml) and increased only modestly with cholesterol feeding. Plasma and liver cholesterol levels were reduced by 50% in the chow-fed GSG8-/- mice and increased 2.4- and 18-fold, respectively, after cholesterol feeding. These data indicate that ABCG5 and ABCG8 are required for efficient secretion of cholesterol into bile and that disruption of these genes increases dramatically the responsiveness of plasma and hepatic cholesterol levels to changes in dietary cholesterol content.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 10 2002|
- ATP-binding cassette transporters
- Knockout mice
ASJC Scopus subject areas