Disseminating Organizational Screening and Brief Intervention Services (DO-SBIS) for alcohol at trauma centers study design

Douglas F. Zatzick, Dennis M. Donovan, Chris Dunn, Gregory J. Jurkovich, Jin Wang, Joan Russo, Frederick P. Rivara, Christopher D. Zatzick, Jeff R. Love, Collin R. McFadden, Larry M. Gentilello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: In 2005, the American College of Surgeons passed a mandate requiring that Level I trauma centers have a mechanism to identify patients who are problem drinkers and have the capacity to provide an intervention for patients who screen positive. The aim of the Disseminating Organizational Screening and Brief Intervention Services (DO-SBIS) cluster randomized trial is to test a multilevel intervention targeting the implementation of high-quality alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI) services at trauma centers. Method: Twenty sites selected from all United States Level I trauma centers were randomized to participate in the trial. Intervention site providers receive a combination of workshop training in evidence-based motivational interviewing (MI) interventions and organizational development activities prior to conducting trauma-center-based alcohol SBI with blood-alcohol-positive injured patients. Control sites implement care as usual. Provider MI skills, patient alcohol consumption, and organizational acceptance of SBI implementation outcomes are assessed. Results: The investigation has successfully recruited provider, patient and trauma center staff samples into the study, and outcomes are being followed longitudinally. Conclusion: When completed, the DO-SBIS trial will inform future American College of Surgeons' policy targeting the sustained integration of high-quality alcohol SBI at trauma centers nationwide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-180
Number of pages7
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Acute care medical trauma centers
  • Alcohol
  • American College of Surgeons
  • Injury
  • Screening and brief intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Zatzick, D. F., Donovan, D. M., Dunn, C., Jurkovich, G. J., Wang, J., Russo, J., Rivara, F. P., Zatzick, C. D., Love, J. R., McFadden, C. R., & Gentilello, L. M. (2013). Disseminating Organizational Screening and Brief Intervention Services (DO-SBIS) for alcohol at trauma centers study design. General Hospital Psychiatry, 35(2), 174-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2012.11.012