Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are important for many processes beyond nucleocytoplasmic trafficking, including protein modification, chromatin remodeling, transcription, mRNA processing and mRNA export. The multi-faceted nature of NPCs and the slow turnover of their components has made it difficult to understand the role of basket nucleoporins (Nup153, Nup50 and Tpr) in these diverse processes. To address this question, we used an Auxin-Induced Degron (AID) system to distinguish roles of basket nucleoporins: Loss of individual nucleoporins caused distinct alteration in patterns of nucleocytoplasmic trafficking and gene expression. Importantly, Tpr elimination caused rapid and pronounced changes in transcriptomic profiles within two hours of auxin addition. These changes were dissimilar to shifts observed after loss of Nup153 or Nup50, but closely related to changes after depletion of mRNA export receptor NXF1 or the GANP subunit of the TRanscription-EXport-2 (TREX-2) mRNA export complex. Moreover, GANP association to NPCs was specifically disrupted upon TPR depletion. Together, our findings demonstrate a unique and pivotal role of Tpr in regulating gene expression through GANP- and/or NXF1-dependent mRNA nuclear export.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)