Distribution of myosin isozymes in human atrial and ventricular myocardium: Comparison in normal and overloaded heart

Y. Yazaki, H. Tsuchimochi, M. Kuro-o, M. Kurabayashi, M. Isobe, S. Ueda, R. Nagai, F. Takaku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have prepared monoclonal antibodies specific for either atrial or ventricular myosin and defined the isomyosin composition of myocardium in normal and overloaded human hearts. In the atrial myocardium, normal isozymic pattern was V1 dominant which converted to being V3 dominant in an overloaded condition. In contrast, normal isomyosin pattern of the ventricular myocardium was exclusively V3 dominant, and only a small change in the proportion of isomyosin was observed in an overloaded condition. From this, we conclude that isozymic changes in cardiac myosin could occur in the human heart to meet increased work induced by cardiac overload. However, the physiological importance of these isomyosin redistributions in human myocardium seems to be much greater in the atrium than in the ventricle, since larger amounts of V1 isomyosin which could be transformed to V3 isomyosin were present in the atrial myocardium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume5
Issue numberSUPPL. F
StatePublished - Dec 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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