Distributions and Reference Ranges for Automated Pupillometer Values in Neurocritical Care Patients

Bethany L. Lussier, Sonja E. Stutzman, Folefac Atem, Aardhra M. Venkatachalam, Anjali C. Perera, Arianna Barnes, Venkatesh Aiyagari, Dai Wai M. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND Automated pupillometry is becoming widely accepted as an objective measure of pupillary function, especially in neurocritical care units. Normative reference values and thresholds to denote a significant change are necessary for integrating automated pupillometry into practice. OBJECTIVE Providing point estimates of normal ranges for pupillometry data will help clinicians intuit meaning from these data that will drive clinical interventions. METHODS This study used a planned descriptive analysis using data from a multicenter registry including automated pupillometry assessments in 2140 subjects from 3 US hospitals collected during a 3-year period. RESULTS We provide a comprehensive list of admission pupillometry data. Our data demonstrate significant differences in pupillary values for Neurological Pupil Index, latency, and constriction velocity when stratified by age, sex, or severity of illness defined by the Glasgow Coma Scale score. CONCLUSION This study provides a greater understanding of expected distributions for automated pupillometry values in a wide range of neurocritical care populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-340
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Nursing
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • assessment
  • neurocritical care
  • neurology
  • pupillary light reflex
  • pupillometer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Medical–Surgical

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