Purpose: To determine the efficacy and safety of weekly docetaxel and trastuzumab as first- or second-line therapy in women with HER-2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer and to correlate the efficacy of trastuzumab with HER-2 status as determined by immunohistochemistry assay and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Patients and Methods: Twenty-six women with HER-2-positive (HercepTest [Dako Corp, Carpenteria, CA]2 to 3+) metastatic breast cancer were enrolled onto this study of trastuzumab (4 mg/kg load; 2 mg/kg/wk administered intravenously) and docetaxel (35 mg/m2/wk for 6 weeks). Results: Using an intent-to-treat analysis, the overall response rate was 50% (13 of 26 patients). Eight patients (31%) had a period of stable disease posttherapy. Among HER-2 3+ patients, the overall response rate was 63% (12 of 19 patients) compared with a 14% response rate (one of seven patients) for HER-2 2+ patients (P = .07). Patients with FISH-positive tumors experienced an overall response rate of 64%. Median time to progression was 12.4 months for the entire cohort (HER-2 3+ tumors, 12.3 months; HER-2 2+ lesions, 9.5 months) and median survival was 22.1 months. All HER-2 3+ patients were FISH-positive; the only HER-2 2+ patient responding to treatment was also FISH-positive. Grade 4 toxicities occurred in four patients; most toxicities were mild. Conclusion: Trastuzumab plus docetaxel is an active and well-tolerated regimen in women with HER-2 3+ overexpressing or FISH-positive metastatic breast cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research